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Is Communism truly Evil? - A closer look into political systems



In today's article I will be exploring the concept of communism, why people consider any communist style nation to be oppressive, and whether it is actually an evil system. By doing this we are going to become enlightened as to the possible wrong conceptions that we have about the system and what alternatives people would call "good" or "righteous." If communism is truly evil, then there must be some system opposite to it that is wholly pure. In order to know that you have gained something out of this post, by the end you should know the answers to the questions posed at the beginning.


What is communism?


According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, communism is "a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs." Karl Marx was certainly a revolutionary thinker and much of his works are used today to analyze societal trends and political systems of thought. In summary, Marx was suggesting that the way our systems of government are set up only aim to preserve class warfare. The theory predicts that in society there will always be a controlling or upper class, who are always minorities, and then the majority of people usually fall under the working or serving class. Also, from the definition of communism, one of the keywords is "publicly owned." The concept of private property ties directly into the maintenance of a hierarchy where a tiny proportion of people own all the land, and the remaining people are tasked with basically paying to live or survive. In turn this makes the upper class even more powerful since their wealth continues to increase at the expense of everyone else.


Why do people consider communism to be oppressive?


If you live in most modern western civilization, you have probably been taught in school that communists are basically evil. You will hear the examples of Stalinist Russia, China, Soviet Union being repeated. Basically, this is all an attempt to link the ideology of communism to war, death, and all things bad. The example of China will usually be followed by saying something along the lines of "they have no freedom of thought or expression. The government constantly watches you and they will never let you succeed." The concept of private property is very important here, because one of the major reasons people see communism as evil is that nobody is really allowed to own anything. The state, or everyone, is supposed to be a "shareholder" of the country as a whole. This is something most people do not like to hear, as typically western democracies tend to encourage the individual amassing of wealth and material possessions. In juxtaposition to communism, capitalism gives the opportunity for massive inequality and/or unequal distribution of wealth. It is usually said that communism sounds good on paper because it aims to give everyone their fair share of the national pie, although it inevitably leads to the tyranny of the individual. So, we can correctly assume that capitalism is strongly linked to individualism, while communism correlates with collectivism.



Is communism truly an evil system of thinking?


Most people would agree that doing things for the greater benefit of society should be the governments prerogative. If this is so, why would people be so opposed to communism, or as we linked above, collectivism. We also have to ask the question: "Evil from who's perspective?" It is supposed to be from the perspective of the individual who is having their freedoms taken away, in exchange for safety and security that may not yield them the ultimate happiness of their lifetime. We have to take a closer look at what the prevailing economic systems are, and wonder why communism ever appeared in the first place. If we consider our means of production to be strictly under capitalism, in every case it tends to lead to massive inequality and social ills. The emergence of communism must have arisen as a critique of capitalism, or better put, it is the antidote to capitalism. If the goal of a society is to give everyone the ability to be free of external controls from the state, private companies or even other individuals, then we must consider that capitalism is itself flawed. We would have to see that it is not the case that individual "bad apples" are the only problem with capitalism. Karl Marx famously said that “the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles." Following the words very carefully in that quote, we find that class itself seems to be the culprit of societal ills. It would logically follow that if we are able to abolish class, then all the bad things that come along with it will also fall away.


So, how can a system of thought be called evil if it's goal is actually to equalize people in the society, or create instances where everyone has a fair shot at living without barriers to entry. Whereas feudalism was "a way of structuring society around relationships that were derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labor," capitalism transfers all power in the society to a very small(around 1%) group of capitalists. We are then made to be the servants of these capitalists as we have no choice but to work for them in order to survive. In the past, slaves worked for their owners and were at their mercy for food, water, and shelter. The slaves could not own anything and all products of their labor went to their owners. In capitalism, this relationship is blurred as it is hard to see exactly how your boss is doing the same thing to some extent. All business owners must make a profit in order to continue having a viable business and so this money has to come out from somewhere. The most common method of profiteering is in the extraction of value from workers via low wages, and in many cases, no wages.




Critique of the Chinese Communist Party(CCP)


In other articles we have outlined how China is participating in a new kind of slave trade that uses the labor of the oppressed class of the Uyghurs. A lot of the products that they make end up in the hands of many of you that are now even reading this article. The reason I am bringing up the CCP is to say that although we use the example of China as a communist nation, seeing the actions of the CCP we need to think twice as to whether it is actually being practiced in its true form. In my opinion, China is more closely defined as "state capitalism." That is, although they claim to have a nominal communist government, in practice they are actually aiming to maximize profits for the state. This makes them turn to such behaviors that end up oppressing people in order to make their market economy more effective. At the end of the day, we can see that wherever capitalism rears its head, two things tend to happen.

1. Massive amounts of production

2. Huge inequality followed by class struggles

And so we see that one of the effects of capitalism is actually not all that bad. Having huge amounts of production means that we should be able to make enough goods and services for everyone. Number 1 is not necessarily tied to Number 2, and so it is possible to have one without the other. Ideally, we would like to have 1 without 2.


In conclusion, before we say that the system of communism is evil, we have to really dig into the history and get a bigger picture of why we believe what we believe. We have to be conscious and know in who's interest it is to believe that capitalism is virtuous while communism is from hell.


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